After a larger deal fell apart, the House recently voted 378-46 to approve a one-year extension of more than 50 lapsed tax breaks for businesses and other special interests — unfortunately, without paying for them.
The Joint Committee on Taxation estimates the renewed provisions will reduce government revenue — and thus increase the federal debt — by roughly $42 billion over the next decade. The Senate is expected to pass the bill soon, and President Obama has indicated he will sign it.
The bill represents a lack of budgetary discipline. Extending these tax breaks even for one year without offsetting the lost revenue increases the deficit and violates the pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) concept.
But at least the current bill is smaller than an earlier plan to permanently extend a few tax provisions for businesses and renew the rest of the tax breaks for two years, all without offsetting the lost revenue. That would have done even greater damage to the budget.
The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget estimated that would have added more than $500 billion to the deficit over the next decade. But the White House threatened to veto that plan, partly out of deficit concerns but mainly because the package excluded low-income tax credit extensions.
The expired tax breaks are collectively known as “tax extenders.” Congress has repeatedly renewed them for one or two years, normally without offsetting their costs. This creates uncertainty for taxpayers, perpetuates inefficiencies in the tax code and adds to federal deficits. Lawmakers should instead deal with the extenders as part of an overhaul of the entire tax code.
Cost Estimate of H.R. 5771 (Joint Committee on Taxation)
Tax Extenders Go to Senate After House OKs Bill (MarketWatch)
Tax Extender Debate Is a Case Study in Fiscal Irresponsibility (Concord Coalition Blog Post)